Workshop 4

Lunch and refreshments included
Thursday 22 January, 09.00 – 17.00 WORKSHOP 4A (morning) & 4B (afternoon)         (45 EUR)
FSM SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION

  • 4A MORNING: Research into Practice: Towards standardization of FS quantification and characterization on a city-wide scale
  • 4B AFTERNOON: Learning Tools for Faecal Sludge Management: Engagement with New Text Book and Curriculum
ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED (4A, MORNING SESSION)
UKZN and EAWAG/SANDEC
LEAD ORGANIZER (MORNING SESSION)
EAWAG/SANDEC
NAMES OF WORKSHOP 4A CO-FACILITATORS
Key contacts responsible for developing and presenting the main components of the workshop are:

  • EAWAG/SANDEC: Dr. Linda Strande, Senior scientist, Ms Magalie Bassan, PhD candidate, Mr. Lars Schöbitz, Project Officer, Mr. Moritz Gold, Project Officer
  • UKZN: Prof. Chris Buckley, Senior scientist, Pollution Research Group, Ms Lungi Zuma, Chemical Engineer, eThekwini/ Pollution Research Group, Dr. Konstantina Velkushanova, Research Fellow, Pollution Research Group
DESCRIPTION
Context
The workshop is aiming at presenting, collecting and creating knowledge on the current state of art for faecal sludge quantification and characterization with the overall goal of working towards the design and development of appropriate faecal sludge treatment technology infrastructure. Standard accepted methods for sampling, analyzing and estimating flows of faecal sludge do not exist, which contributes to the high variability of observed results. Applied laboratory methods for characterization are often adapted from wastewater analysis and in many cases do not fit the context for faecal sludge analysis. There is no consensus about the adaptation of wastewater methods in addition to the added difficulty of faecal sludge being divergent and heterogeneous in its characteristics. Participants can expect an event focused on four key learning objectives, which are drawing on extensive field experience, showcased by presentations of stakeholders in the field. A core part of the workshop is a participatory and interactive learning activity, which will contribute to a lively discussion and learning experience.
Rational / Purpose
Participants can expect an event focused on four key learning objectives, which are drawing on extensive field experience, showcased by presentations of stakeholders in the field. A core part of the workshop is a participatory and interactive learning activity, which will contribute to a lively discussion and learning experience.
Specific learning objectives
By the end of the workshop, it is intended that all participants will be familiar with:

  1. Be able to determine the most appropriate sampling location (e.g. during discharge, inside pit latrine/septic tank)
  2. Have a detailed in-depth understanding of the key elements needed to design a sampling campaign for faecal sludge quantification and characterization on a city-wide scale, including consideration of the local context
  3. Learn to apply quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) measures, as well as data organization and storage to produce more transparent results along the entire faecal sludge sampling chain
  4. Develop an understanding for the need of standard operating procedures (SOPs) for physical and chemical faecal sludge laboratory analysis

Target audience

  • Practitioners
  • Technicians/Scientists

Expected outcomes

  • Identify steps that need to be taken towards standardization of methods for quantifying and characterizing faecal sludge
  • Compilation of best practices for faecal sludge sampling and analyses
  • Discussion of how to best approach the creation of a knowledge hub on applied methods for faecal sludge quantification and characterization
  • Discussion on how to create a database for quantities and characteristics of faecal sludge for cities around the world
STRUCTURE OF MORNING SESSION
  • 09:00 – 09:10    Introduction – The importance of this workshop (Prof. Chris Buckley)
  • 09:10 – 09:30    The influence of sampling location on faecal sludge characteristics (Ms Magalie Bassan))(Ms Lungi Zuma)
  • 09:30 – 09:50    How to approach faecal sludge quantification and characterization on a city-wide scale (Mr. Lars Schoebitz
  • 09:50 – 10:10    Producing transparent results through appropriate QA/QC, data organization and storage Mr. Moritz Gold)
  • 10:10 – 10:30    The development of SOPs for laboratory analysis of faecal sludge (Dr. Konstantina Velkushanova)
  • 11:00 – 12:15    Learning activities and discussion (all presenters)
  • 12:15 – 12:30    Conclusions – What have we learned and the way forward (Dr. Linda Strande)

 

WORKSHOP 4B
Learning Tools for Faecal Sludge Management: Engagement with New Text Book and Curriculum
ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED (4B AFTERNOON SESSION)
  • UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
  • EAWAG/SANDEC
ORGANIZER (MAIN CONTACT PERSON, 4B, AFTERNOON SESSION)
Name: Martin Mulenga
Organisation: UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Department of Engineering and Water Technology, P.O. Box 3015, 2601 Delft, The Netherlands
NAMES OF WORKSHOP FACILITATORS (4B, AFTERNOON SESSION)
UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education: Prof Damir BrdjanovicUNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education: Dr Martin MulengaEAWAG/SANDEC: Dr Linda Strande
DESCRIPTION, (4B, AFTERNOON SESSION)
Context
The first book dedicated solely to FSM was recently published by the International Water Association (IWA). The book is divided into 3 parts – Part 1: technology aspects are presented (characterisation & quantification of FS, treatment mechanisms and technologies, sludge collection and transport enduse products); Part 2: covers management issues (operation & maintenance, FSM financing aspects and institutional arrangements; and Part 3: focuses on planning (planning for a well functioning FSM system, identification and engagement of stakeholders, and how to define a starting point). UNESCO-IHE and partners are currently developing an extended curriculum of FSM that will be based on this new book and used to develop a new online course. The course materials (e.g. presentations, videos, readers, textbook(s)) will be made freely accessible online.This workshop will present an overview of the book, the curriculum, and how they can be used as pedagogical tools. Presentations will be followed by an interactive session with practitioners to see how their experiences relate to the book, and how their practical experience can be used to increase future learning potential.Rationale / Purpose
UNESCO-IHE already offers a 3 week module dedicated solely to Faecal Sludge Management as a part of the Sanitary Engineering Specialisation (also open as a Short Course). This 3 week curriculum is currently being expanded and translated into an online course. The FSM book will be used as a guideline, with added materials, presentations, learning activities and exercises. The curriculum will also be offered in different parts, for which partial certificates will be awarded. Participants can select a one or a few parts, or opt to go for the full course. Upon successful completion of all assignments as well as the exam, participants can also obtain ECTS, depending on the study load.In the process of the curriculum development UNESCO-IHE and partners would like to consult sector stakeholders and seek their valuable contribution.Specific workshop objectives
The objectives of the workshop are to:

  • bring together a range of stakeholders to discuss the development of a new FSM online course
  • identify target audiences for the FSM course
  • review the proposed curriculum
  • identify interesting FSM case studies that could be added to the curriculum
  • identify potential contributors to the course development

Target audience
The target audience for the workshop are practitioners, researchers, development agencies, NGOs, policy makers, educators in the field of Sanitary Engineering and others interesting in taking a course in the field of FSM for themselves or their employees.

STRUCTURE OF THE WORKSHOP, (4B, AFTERNOON SESSION)
14:00 – 14:15 – Introduction and background of the faecal sludge management course initiative (Prof Damir Brdjanovic, UNESCO-IHE)14:15 – 14:45 – Presentation of the FSM curriculum (Prof Damir Brdjanovic & Dr Martin Mulenga, UNESCO-IHE)14:45 – 15:30 – Parallel group discussions on:

  • Target audiences for the proposed online course on FSM
  • Suitability of proposed curriculum on FSM
  • Identification of suitable FSM case studies
  • Possible contributors of teaching materials

15:30 – 15:45 – Coffee/Tea break

15:45 – 16:15 – Plenary – Group feedback

16:15 – 16:30 – Conclusions and way forward (Prof Damir Brdjanovic, UNESCO-IHE)